The allegory of the cave is supposed to explain this in the allegory, plato likens people untutored in the theory of forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads all they can see is the wall of the cave. Context plato's life plato was born in athens in 428 bc to an aristocratic family ancient sources claim that his father, ariston, was a descendant of codrus, the last king of athens, and his mother, perictione, of solon, an almost mythical athenian lawgiver and the author of the city's first constitution. Plato's and aristotle's views on knowledge 1407 words | 6 pages anthony pulliam humanities 09/17/2010 plato's and aristotle's views on knowledge plato and aristotle view knowledge and the process whereby it is obtained. Plato: the republic according to this view, it is warranted to regard the republic as a work on political philosophy and lying to maintain good behavior and. My understanding is a little different from yours in plato's argument with the sophists the sophists valued probabilities over the truth in addition, i think this is easily an argument for today with the use of statistical analysis when trying to quantify a human person and the dangers it presents.
Aristotle held views similar to plato's about the dangers of democracy and oligarchy he feared that both pitted the rich against the poor but he recognized that these types of governments took many forms. Aristotle's views on women influenced later western thinkers, as well as islamic thinkers, who quoted him as an authority until the end of the middle ages, influencing women's history. The next step for plato, to state and demonstrate his own positive views on justice and why it is 'profitable', is to describe a city-state, a polis, which is an ideal utopia where all citizens live in harmonious eudemonia.
Thus, plato may have been the first to formulate the view that graham priest calls dialetheism, roughly, the view that some contradictions are, in an illuminating way, inescapable and true. Machiavelli believes the state exists to make war, and a good ruler exists for only one purpose to make war, this is his only concern machiavelli are writing in two different eras in plato's era, man based philosophy on utopian ideals and principles. Plato v kant ii: two general cases for breaking a promise and/or lying deception in the soul about realities, to have been deceived and to be blindly ignorant and to have and hold the falsehood there, is what all men would least of all accept, and it is in that case that they loathe it most of all.
This page is part of the e-mail archives section of a site, plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of plato's dialoguesthe e-mail archives section includes html edited versions of posts that i submitted on various e-mail discussion lists about plato and ancient philosophy. Plato: the failure of democracy plato (427-347) is often described as the greatest western philosopher historians like to quote a n whitehead who said: the safest general characterization of the european philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to plato. Is there a conflict between virtue ethics and lying i thought to commit an act such as this would be destroying your own character (the liar) and. Plato, the initiate, taught that there is one reality lying behind the numberless differentiations of the phenomenal world aristotle maintained that there is a graded series of realities, each step in the series revealing more and more those universal relationships which make it an object of true knowledge.
Discussion in the doctrine of right, we can make sense of why lying to the murderer, although a wrong, is not to wrong the murderer, why we become responsible for the bad consequences of the lie, and ﬁnally why lying is to do. Truth, truthfulness and philosophy in plato and nietzsche david simpson british journal for the history of philosophy, 15 (2) 2007, 339 - 360 i plato and nietzsche tend to be presented as the poles of the narrative of western philosophy: while plato scripted the beginning of the epoch of absolute truth and value, nietzsche announced its collapse. In the republic, however, plato develops a view of happiness and virtue that departs from that of socrates according to plato, there are three parts of the soul, each with its own object of desire according to plato, there are three parts of the soul, each with its own object of desire.
When lying is taken in the context of aristotelian ethics, it seems that as long as the goal of the lie is ultimately happiness, the lie is justified it seems logical that most people lie for their own or others' happiness, making it seem as though aristotelian ethics generally justify lying. View full document justification for lying by rulers • socrates says here (389b-d) that lying is useful to human beings as a sort of remedy and thus must be assigned to doctors, ie, rulers (again, the craft analogy. Plato's life and works - plato was born into an influential family of athens athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world.
In politics, a noble lie is a myth or untruth, often, but not invariably, of a religious nature, knowingly propagated by an elite to maintain social harmony or to advance an agenda the noble lie is a concept originated by plato as described in the republic. The phrase noble lie does not even occur in the text of plato's republic so how have scholars come to misunderstand what plato means in his discussion of the city's need for a doctrine to guide its politics what did plato actually teach in the republic about the so-called noble lie. [in the following essay, cooke comments on plato's view of the role of philosophy in everyday life, stating that for plato, philosophy is not an abstract concept, but one that draws from all.