Smoking, drinking, and other recreational drug use during pregnancy is a major public health problem throughout this synthesis i will discuss how teratogens effect children before birth. The most compelling evidence for the role of cocaine as a teratogen is the increased risk of genitourinary tract defects although animal models have also yielded contradictory conclusions, it is intriguing to note that the abnormalities observed in these models are similar to those seen clinically. Essay uk offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time essay uk is a trading name of student academic services limited , a company registered in england and wales under company number 08866484. Teratogens affect embryo's development and counselors can help prevent exposure to teratogens almost any man made substance could be considered a teratogen to some extent however, the key question is at what level is a substance to be considered a teratogens because, to officially be classified as a teratogen it has to alter the embryo from.
Includes rubrics for essay questions, logs, journal writing, and lab write-ups research paper rubric (word doc) rubric for scoring effective writing (word doc. Teratogenic agent is a chemical, infectious agent, physical condition, or deficiency that, on fetal exposure, can alter fetal morphology or subsequent function. About niosh the national institute for occupational safety and health (niosh) is the federal agency responsible for conducting research and making. Introduction the purpose of this review is to summarize policy research findings in the area of maternal prenatal substance abuse to (1) inform and advance this field, (2) identify future research needs, (3) inform policy making and (4) identify implications for policy.
Teratogen update publications informative articles on important subjects published in birth defects research arranged by year all articles are adobe acrobat files. Read the latest articles of european journal of medical genetics at sciencedirectcom, elsevier's leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. Depression and pregnancy audrey luck psychology for midwives 11/16/10 depression and pregnancy 2 for most women the period of growing bellies and growing anticipations is a joyful and exciting time and for others this time may harbor doubt, fear, and depression. A teratogen is virtually any substance or event that can cause any type of birth defects during pregnancy these prenatal defects can be both structural and psychological problems raging from very minor severity to death the effect of teratogens on the baby is based on the period of pregnancy the.
Lmcconkey-analysis essay-unit2docx 5 pages mcconkeylindsey_unit8assignment2cj216docx kaplan university cj 227 - spring 2014 mcconkey journal 2docx 1 pages. Dozens of useful tools for finding journal articles and scholarly and academic research papers and sources, including gateways to libraries weblens' most popular page, and a go-to resource for scholarly research. Potassium iodide is a possible teratogen potassium iodide in its raw form is a mild irritant and should be handled with gloves chronic overexposure can have adverse effects on the thyroid. Teratogens are thought to have the ability to effect the fetus about 10 to14 days after conception during the development of a baby, there are certain organs forming at certain times if a teratogen has the potential to interfere with the closure of the neural tube, for example, the exposure to the teratogen must occur in the first 35 to 45. Fifty years ago, prescription of the sedative thalidomide caused a worldwide epidemic of multiple birth defects the drug is now used in the treatment of leprosy and multiple myeloma however, its use is limited due to its potent teratogenic activity the mechanism by which thalidomide causes limb.
By contrast, corticosteroids are widely teratogenic in animals but not in humans (needs and brooks 1985), and thalidomide is not a teratogen in many animal species but it is in humans (lepper et al 2006. The effects of maternal stress and anxiety during pregnancy since ancient times, scientists have written about beliefs that the emotional state of the. An essay on poverty and child neglect 5 agriculture reports that, in 2011, over 10% of children (in 39 million households) experienced food insecurity and over 1% of children.
View and download fetal alcohol syndrome essays examples also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your fetal alcohol syndrome essay. Isotretinoin is a molecule and a byproduct (metabolite) of vitamin a, and in greater than normal amounts in pregnant women, it can cause fetal abnormalities including cleft lips, ear and eye defects, and mental retardation isotretinoin is commonly called by its trade name accutane, and it's a. Prenatal development essay prenatal development is the period in development from conception to the onset of labor perinatal period is the period beginning about the seventh month of pregnancy and continuing until about four weeks after birth. Although prescription drug use is common during pregnancy, the human teratogenic risks are undetermined for more than 90% of drug treatments approved in the usa during the past decades.
Journal of pregnancy is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth the journal welcomes submissions on breastfeeding, labor, maternal health and the biomedical aspects of pregnancy. This article summarizes the results of neuropsychological studies analyzing alcohol' s teratogenic ( i e , damaging to the developing fetus) effects on behavior and of brain imaging studies analyzing alcohol' s effects on brain structure.
Published: mon, 10 jul 2017 opioids are a class of drugs that are used in the management of pain, and they represent a breakthrough in palliative medicine some major developments in the administration of these drugs have enabled them to be among the prescription drugs in health institutions. Ongoing longitudinal studies continue to document long-term effects on growth, behavior, cognition, language, and achievement, and alcohol is the most common identifiable teratogen associated with intellectual disability. A teratogen is any agent that can induce or increase the incidence of a congenital malformation recognition of human teratogens offers the opportunity to prevent exposure at critical periods of development and prevent certain types of congenital malformations.