Equality under the law on the other side are those like me who — while agreeing that the long-term goal is separation of marriage and state — argue that, given the slim chance of separation happening any time soon, classical-liberal principles require the state to treat all citizens as equal before the law. In regard to the two main strands of liberal thought, classical liberals advocate negative freedom whereas social liberals favour positive freedom the distinction between positive and negative freedom is a significant one in terms of the proper role of the state. Equality - liberalism v socialism support for equality amongst liberals is very different to that of socialists whereas liberals argue in favour of state intervention to enhance equal opportunities, socialists favour a more equitable distribution of wealth and resources.
The roots of classical liberalism: classical liberalism is an idea that is closely related with democracy (which plato essentially defined as an ideology of liberty and equality in his republic) cicero comments on what would become known as liberal values and so does machiavelli. Liberalism starting with a quote from wiki liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality whereas classical liberalism emphasises the role of liberty, social liberalism stresses the importance of equality. Classical conservatism is defined as a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral order(frohnen, beer, and nelson, 2006) classical liberalism is described as a philosophy committed to the ideal of limited government and liberty of individuals including freedom of religion.
Classical liberalism is the idea that individuals are inherently good and that they don't need to be restricted by laws laws in classical liberalism are for restricting what governments can do eg. Although classical liberalism today often is associated with libertarianism, the broader classical liberal tradition was centrally concerned with bettering the lot of the working class, women, blacks, immigrants, and so on. The negative concept of freedom, on the other hand, is most commonly assumed in liberal defences of the constitutional liberties typical of liberal-democratic societies, such as freedom of movement, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech, and in arguments against paternalist or moralist state intervention.
The [classical] liberal will therefore distinguish sharply between equality of rights and equality of opportunity, on the one hand, and material equality or equality of outcome on the otherat this point, equality comes sharply into conflict with freedom one must choose. Classical liberalism rules and john locke was smart forced equality comes from a sense of entitlement to someone else's wealth or fruits of their labor. To condemn anti-competitive, state-granted privilege was, practically speaking, early liberalism's reason for being thus, both in style and in substance, liberalism was consciously egalitarian, concerned with promoting social, legal, and material equality.
Affirmative action, and other means of creating proper equality of opportunity is encouraged, since these are seen as necessary to ensure freedom — ie positive freedom. The principles that animated the american founding — human equality, natural rights, government by consent, religious freedom — do not stand opposed to orthodox religious beliefs and practices. Liberalism's promise of freedom and equality was never intended for the majority, but for the propertied elite, and the advances made by women, workers, and the anti-racist movement have been. Some may therefore despise liberalism as promising little more than the freedom to make a mess of our lives still the liberal condition is a distinctive one, with its own great rewards and a vision of true dignity such as no more paternalistic arrangement could offer.
The term liberal originally stemmed from the human quest for free inquiry and the study of the liberal arts aristotle explained that the greatest pleasure a free man could possess is to have the economic means to indulge himself in the study of nature, books, science (philosophy) — and the liberals arts, rather than to be forced to labor endlessly with no free time for leisure and the. The constitutional perspective on equality—namely, equal rights and freedom under a rule of law—has been eroded as the redistributive state has grown equality has come to mean equal outcomes and equal opportunity, in the sense of equal starting positions, rather than equal rights under a just rule of law. Classical liberalism also encourages the economic freedom to freely sell services modern liberalism looks at economics from a social point of view there should be welfare to help those with lower incomes, that way there is more equality in the social workforce.